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Indium Corporation Expert to Present at Electronic Components and Technology Conference

April 20, 2022

Indium Corporation® Principal Engineer and Manager for Thermal Interface Materials Applications Andy Mackie, Ph.D., MSc, will share his technical expertise and insight on solder thermal interface material (TIM) processes at Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC) taking place May 31-June 3, in San Diego, Calif., U.S.

For decades, reflowed indium metal has been the standard for solder TIMs (sTIMs) in most high-performance computing (HPC) TIM1 applications. In his presentation, Optimizing Reflowed Solder TIM (sTIM) Processes for Emerging Heterogeneous Integrated Packages, Dr. Mackie will examine the use of indium metal and its alloys as reflowed sTIMs in both CPU and GPU die-to-lid/die-to-heat spreader TIM1 applications. His presentation includes data on both vacuum and pressure (autoclave) reflow of sTIMs, which is becoming necessary to meet upcoming requirements for ultra-low voiding. He will also discuss the use of sTIMs in the context of alternative TIM applications and technologies, such as thermal greases, pads, and phase change materials, as well as liquid metals. 

Dr. Mackie is an electronics industry expert with a technical background in physical chemistry, surface chemistry, rheology, semiconductor fabrication, and assembly materials and processes. 

His professional experience covers all aspects of electronics manufacturing from wafer fabrication to semiconductor packaging and SMT/electronics assembly. Dr. Mackie was also responsible for the development of Indium Corporation’s first Applied Technology Roadmap. In his current role, he is focused on identifying thermal material needs and trends for various high-performance applications, as well as the development and testing of innovative solutions to meet emerging TIM requirements. Dr. Mackie has been an invited international keynote speaker and has lectured internationally on subjects ranging from sub-ppb metals analysis in supercritical carbon dioxide to solder paste rheology. He holds patents in novel polymers, heterogeneous catalysis, and solder paste formulation. He holds a Ph.D. in physical chemistry from the University of Nottingham, U.K., and a master’s of science degree in colloid and interface science from the University of Bristol, U.K.

About Indium Corporation

Indium Corporation® is a premier materials refiner, smelter, manufacturer, and supplier to the global electronics, semiconductor, thin-film, and thermal management markets. Products include solders and fluxes; brazes; thermal interface materials; sputtering targets; indium, gallium, germanium, and tin metals and inorganic compounds; and NanoFoil®. Founded in 1934, the company has global technical support and factories located in China, Germany, India, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, the United Kingdom, and the U.S.

For more information about Indium Corporation, visit or email Jingya Huang. You can also follow our experts, From One Engineer To Another® (#FOETA), at or @IndiumCorp.

About the Electronic Components and Technology Conference

ECTC is the premier international event that brings together the best in packaging, components and microelectronic systems science, technology, and education in an environment of cooperation and technical exchange. ECTC is sponsored by the IEEE Electronics Packaging Society (formerly CPMT). Learn more at

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