Indium Blog

A New Low-Temperature Metallization Paste For Interconnecting Thin-Film Solar Cells

Last week I spent some time in the Advanced Materials and Process Development Lab with Eric Bastow, verifying the printing characteristics of our newest low temp metallization paste LT-918. Due to its current success with a variety of customers, we needed to take production capacity to the next level. New equipment was purchased to keep up with the demand, but there is always the chance that material may not perform the same when it is made in substantially larger batches. Our testing confirmed the printing characteristics of the material made on the new equipment surpassed that of previous batches. That’s good news for everybody.

As you can see from the picture, we used a standard printer designed for stencil printing solder paste onto electronic circuit boards. The printer was not the only similarity to solder paste printing though. An interesting characteristic of LT-918 is that it has a higher viscosity than most metallization pastes, which helps with print definition. The high viscosity of LT-918 helps it print like a solder paste, this is great for solder paste printers (like Eric and I, and many of you for that matter) from the SMT and semiconductor assembly industries.

In my opinion, LT-918 is the best metallization paste currently available for interconnecting thin-film cells. It has not only excelled in printing, it also has industry-leading resistivity scores, and has passed customer reliability testing including thermal cycling, damp heat stability, and accelerated UV tests. Much of the data that we can share will be available soon as a product brochure that we hope to have ready for you at EU-PVSEC in September.

Authored by previous Indium Application Manager Jim Hisert